21st November

Brigade HQ.

Brigade HQ moves to Passitempi 978283.

Brigade non operational.


1 RIrF – LA STRADA.

Tank failed to remove A/Tk guns. Nearly dug itself in instead. Guns will have to be left.


2 Innisks – SAN CLEMENTE.

0615 Very quiet night.

0945 Enemy mortaring at Bazzano and Il Sopro.

1030 CO’s conference.

1130 B Coy report suspected mortar in Casa Selvo 022318.

1200 Intentions night 21st/22nd Nov:

Standing Patrol and contact Patrols as on night 20/21st Nov requested. Fighting Patrol to 012302 to destroy MG position located night 20/21 and to obtain identification. Strength one and six. Time out 0100 hrs. Time in 0300 hrs. 4.2” Mortars will harass Points 342, 358 and 278 and Casa Tamagnin 0130 from 1800 hrs to 0600 hrs. Artillery will harass Casa il Sallaro, Cereto, Hurano and Caternara 0230 at irregular intervals during the night.

1255 CO visits American OP and C Coy.

1305 C Coy mortared.

1320 C Coy mortared and called on own 3” Mortars to fire DF 2.

1330 Sick state for the 21st. Total for the bttn – 6.

1345 Enemy gun at 036295 shelled by American 155s. Several direct hits observed and enemy crew scattered.

1430 Captain Duane MC and Recce party leave for 6th Gordons’ forward HQ.

1440 Enemy mortar bombs in Mortar Platoon area.

1455 CO orders 3” Mortars to engage Points 342 and 358.

1640 Smoke screen observed in front of San Martino bridge by A Coy.

1735 Verey light observed from area 013303.

1740 SP gun fired from bearing of 73 degrees from Bttn HQ on Monte Grande area.

2330 All signal communications checked and went through, with the exception of the Recce Squadron.

Heavy guns firing on a bearing of 70 degrees. Information from 9 Platoon, A Coy at 005299.

2340 C Coy contact Recce at Point 207.

2359 Three heavy shells land in rear of San Clemente and wadi to the east.


2 LIR – ITALY.

1400 CO’s final O Group on forthcoming move.

  1. 1 NCO from Mortar Platoon and 1 NCO from MMG Platoon to go to Sassoleone afternoon 21 to draw mortars and MMGs from 1 RIrF.
  2. Recce party of CO, IO, Coy Commanders with 3 platoon representatives, SO and Signal Exchange, MMG and Mortar Platoons to move off at 0630 hrs 22 November.
  3. Main body to move off at 1030 hrs 22 November. Order of March – H, E and G Coys, Bttn HQ and remainder of S Coy. Em-bus at Castel del Rio and debuss at approx 978282, about 1 ½ miles west of San Clemente.
  4. D Coy to be forward coy at Sasso (008294) and to be supplied by mules from Mule Point Casa Calvenela (994287). E Coy at Casa Corniano (009287) and G Coy Casa di Villa (004287). Bttn HQ in house at 000286 with Mortar Platoon in same general area.
  5. Bttn supplies to be ferried forward in 15 cwts and portees.
  6. Two A/Tk guns to be brought forward to bttn area.
  7. All LOBs to be changed over.


22nd November

Brigade HQ.

Brigade Commander arrived at Main Brigade HQ.

2 LIR move up to de-busing area just behind Brigade HQ during the day and commence to move forward during the day.

2235 Commander of sector previously held by 2 Infantry Brigade passes to command 38 (Irish) Brigade.

2 Innisks now revert to command. C Coy relieve D Coy 6 Gordons.

Bttn locations:

Bttn HQ – 003300.

A Coy – 005299, 006297, 006298.

B Coy – 003301, platoon at night 004321 with section 005304.

C Coy – 004307, 005307, 07306.

2 LIR relieved B Squadron 1 Recce and C Coy 2 Innisks.

Bttn locations:

E Coy – 009286, 009287, 011288.

G Coy – 04286.

H Coy – 008298, 009298, 008294.

A/Tk guns from 255 A/Tk RA in position at following locations:

17 pounders at 007287, 008286, 000282, 015283 and 6 pounders at 016284, 005281.

1 RIrF take over from 2 LIR at Rest Area in Castel del Rio.


1 RIrF – CASTEL DEL RIO.

Bttn relieved by 8 A&SH and moved to Castel del Rio.


2 Innisks – SAN CLEMENTE.

0050 Sgt Bregan’s Fighting Patrol reported out through Bttn HQ.

0110 Main line to C Coy disconnected. Communication established through A Coy and by R/T.

0115 C Coy reported slight mortaring at 2340 and 0010 hrs. Two slight casualties and some heavy shells have been falling to their right rear.

0220 Main line to C Coy through.

0230 One heavy shell to right of Mortar Platoon.

0255 Battle Patrol returns. No enemy at 012302 and gully as far as 013302 without sign of enemy, also no sign of enemy trenches in area.

0452 Heavy shells comes over Bttn HQ and lands well behind.

0545 B Coy’s forward platoon reported returning.

0555 C Coy sitrep – Slight mortaring of coy area. Two slight casualties – L/Cpl Walker and L/Cpl Everell. Otherwise nothing to report. Our 3” mortars fire SOS 2.

0630 Captain Duane and recce party report back to Bttn HQ from 6 Gordons.

0655 C Coy’s forward platoon mortared by light mortars. No HSR received.

One slight casualty to 1st Kensingtons’ MMG personnel.

0930 3” Mortars fire SOS 2 on prearranged plan with CO.

0945 Six mortar bombs land on Monte Grande. Three Bosche engaged by artillery 023328.

1000 Staff Captain arrives at Bttn HQ. CO leaves to visit A Coy. Major Heaten, 78th Field Regiment arrives at Bttn HQ.

1035 Brigade Commander with BM 38th Brigade arrived together with Brigade Commander 2 Brigade at Bttn HQ and visit of Lt Col Bredin and recce party from 2 LIR arrive and proceed to C Coy.

Fighter bomber targets for the 22nd November:

Guns at 098361, bombed at 0900 hrs.

Guns at 096269, bombed at 1100 hrs.

Guns at 007382, bombed at 1145 hrs.

Guns at 923367, bombed at 1330 hrs.

Road and buildings at 005365, bombed at 1200 hrs.

Dump at 006384, bombed at 1130 hrs.

Houses at 0962405, bombed at 1800 hrs.

Nebelwerfers at 001378 were bombed yesterday but results not yet known.

1100 The CO returns to Bttn HQ.

1205 Op Venus reports MG fire and movement area 022315.

1300 Ten mortar bombs on C Coy area. Four casualties. SOS 2 fired and counter mortar Sybil.

1330 CO’s conference, held in Command Post.

1400 The CO visits A Coy.

1645 Coy of 2 LIR arrive and take over partially from C Coy.

1710 Two platoons of C Coy proceed to new area.

1755 B Coy platoon in position.

1835 C Coy relief by 2 LIR completed.

1840 C Coy report that it too light to proceed over ridge. The CO asks the Brigadier 2 Brigade to switch off searchlights for one hour.

1850 CO leaves to visit C Coy’s new area.

1935 A Coy area at 005300 mortared. Enemy mortar firing on bearing 75 degrees.

Enemy MG bullets land in Command Post area.

2030 C Coy complete takeover of D Coy 6 Gordons’ area.

2035 The CO returns from C Coy.

2115 Artillery fire airbursts over enemy mortars Mex and Mez, mediums also fire.

2205 One heavy shell in area of wadi to right of Mortar Platoon.

2235 Bttn reverts under command of 38th (Irish) Brigade.

Died on this Day:

Corporal George Eastwood, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.


2 LIR – ITALY.

Morning spent preparing for move. Time schedule to be adhered to as definite times are laid down for the “up” and “down” traffic on the main road.

1400 Bttn de-bused at 975278. H Coy moved off shortly afterwards to Mule Point at Calvanela. Remainder of bttn waited at debussing point because the permanent smoke screen laid down over the area was not blowing the right way to allow for movement in forward areas. The tea meal was therefore prepared and issued in this area.

1730 E and G Coys, Bttn HQ and remainder of S Coy moved forward by march route along the main road to San Clemente (995287).

1830 Bttn HQ arrives at Casa Caregiana (000286). Relief of 1st Recce (1 Division) completed and bttn accept command of sector.

Effects of the permanent smoke screen made several of the men vomit and many personnel had slight headaches.

2000 Sitrep: Relief completed by 1900 hrs. Locations – Bttn HQ 000286, G Coy 004287,  H Coy 008298, E Coy 008287, Mortars 001287, own MMGs in E Coy area. Road between Bttn HQ and E Coy shelled regularly. Bttn HQ shelled 1700 hrs. No casualties.



23rd November

Brigade HQ.

Slight mortaring of forward areas during the night and some harassing fire on the crossroads in San Clemente.

Spandaus fired from Point 278 015293 and Casa Il Sallaro 017292 onto 2 LIR forward positions.

Slight mortaring during the morning.

1230 Enemy seen digging at 013303 and engaged by mortars.

1700 3” Mortars 2 LIR fired on area 017292.

Enemy MMG HF landed on Bttn HQ, 2 Innisks.

1830 Ambush patrol from 2 LIR to 017288 clashed with enemy at 015287. House believed occupied by about 12 enemy.

A heavy gun harassed San Clemente during the evening.


1 RIrF – CASTEL DEL RIO.

Baths and showers for bttn. Party in Officers’ Mess for Sgts.


2 Innisks – SAN CLEMENTE.

0245 Left platoon A Coy report heavy gun firing on bearing o 60 degrees.

0355 Approx 20 mortar bombs on left of A Coy and bttn area. Shell rep to TAC 17. Major Cochrane reports heavy mortaring, probably from Murino. No bearing obtained.

0710 A Coy report guns firing leaflets from Il Laghetto 048305. Leaflets land on Monte Spaduro.

0945 CO visits A Coy.

0950 Brigade Commander visits Bttn HQ.

1000 Artillery engage Il Laghetto.

1015 Casa Lucia mortared.

1035 Twenty bombs fell. Enemy mortar firing on bearing 82 degrees.

1036 Platoon of A Coy shelled. Mortar Platoon reports shells in area to their right.

1200 C Coy report enemy digging in, in area Tamagnin 013303. Hits near house observed. 3” Mortars fired. C Coy direct shoot.

1230 Intentions night 23/24 Nov –

Standing Patrol A Coy to 007299 from dusk to dawn.

Harassing fire

7.2 – Fume at 1100 hrs.

7.2 – Road junction 043303 at 0300 hrs.

25 pounder – Ronco at 1800 and 2100 hrs.

25 pounder – track junction 041311 to Casa Molino at 1800 and 2100 hrs.

25 pounder – Volte 031311 at 1800 and 2100 hrs.

CMO – Mez at 1145 and 1415 hrs.

CMO – Mex at 1730, 0245 and 0515 hrs.

3” Mortars – MFA 02723071

3” Mortars – Muiano (15 rounds) at 1700 – 1800 hrs.

3” Mortars – Muiano (15 rounds) at 0300 – 0400 hrs.

Own MMGs – MFA at 1700 – 1900 – 0100 hrs.

Own MMGs – MFA at 0500. One belt each time.

Kensingtons – Road Molino to 041311 at 1700 – 1800 – 2200 – 2300 – 0300 – 0400 hrs.

1330 CO’s conference.

1630 4.2 Mortar Fire on Tamagnin. Fire observed by C Coy OP.

1755 Enemy MG harasses Bttn HQ.

1820 Enemy gun harassing Point 330 and San Clemente. No HSR received.

1840 B Coy platoon at 004301 report light on a bearing of 41 degrees. One to one and a half miles away.

A Coy report gun firing on a bearing of 50 degrees.

1900 B Coy platoon at 004301 report mortars firing 100 degrees. Area shelled unknown.


2 LIR – ITALY.

0600 Sitrep: Intermittent mortaring and shelling of bttn area during night.

0900 Owing to enemy observation and own smoke screen blowing wrong way, only absolutely essential movement was allowed in bttn area. The enemy periodically shelled the bttn area. CSM Charnick was wounded during shelling of E Coy HQ. Otherwise no casualties.

Coy water parties collecting water at Bttn HQ initiated several shells in Bttn HQ area. As previously arranged, the Pioneer Platoon began to build dug outs in Mortar Platoon gully as alternative Command Post.

1030 Intentions night 23/24: Local protection by Standing Patrols.

Patrols – 1) Ambush Patrol (1 and 4) to area 017288. Out at dusk, in at 2230 hrs. 2) Recce Patrol (1 and 5) to Point 358 013298. Out at dusk, in at 2130 hrs.

1700 3” Mortar shoot on Sillaro 017292.

1730 Sitrep: Ambush patrol to 017288 found house at 015287 occupied. Patrol returned at 1830 hrs after losing 1 killed and 2 wounded through enemy mortaring. House mortared and shelled by us. Recce Patrol engaged by enemy with grenades. No casualties on either side.

2100 Total battalion casualties so far -1 killed and 3 wounded.

2200 Patrol brought in member of the Ambush Patrol.

Died on this Day:

Rifleman Robert Williams, London Irish Rifles.



24th November

Brigade HQ.

2 LIR was intermittently shelled and mortared during the night.

Recce patrol from 2 LIR to Point 358 013298 was heavily mortared within 100 yards from the summit. Going back to bring in casualties, it was mortared again. Listening post believed to be in this area.

Light harassing fire during the day.

2200 2 LIR found house at 015287 unoccupied and occupied it with 1 officer and 12 ORs.


1 RIrF – CASTEL DEL RIO.

R Ops to 2 Innisks. Mess dinner


2 Innisks – SAN CLEMENTE.

0420 Enemy MG harassing fire in area of Bttn HQ.

0650 C Coy report quiet night. NTR.

0655 A Coy Standing Patrol to 007299 returned. NTR.

Lt Col and Major of 78 Medium Regiment visit Bttn HQ.

1100 The CO leaves to visit A and B Coys, also to observe coy snipers in position.

1130 C Coy area mortared. Unable to give bearing.

1215 Six mortar bombs on B and C Coy areas.

Enemy sniper and OP suspected at 013307 harassed by mortars

1240 CO returned to Bttn HQ.

1330 CO’s conference.

1445 The CO, IO and Coy Commanders of 1 RIrF arrived at Bttn HQ.

CO takes them to OP. Bttn relief to take place on night 26/27 November.

1605 Mortar Platoon engage active mortar at rear of Anzellara.

1900 11 Platoon B Coy report transport moving on Muiano road. Engaged by RA.

2030 Three mortar bombs to right of Bttn HQ in valley.

2100 B Coy patrol out.

Died on this Day:

Corporal Edward Whitby, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.


2 LIR – ITALY.

0800 Sitrep: Intermittent shelling and mortaring on all coys and Bttn HQ throughout night. Heavy shelling on E Coy at 2300 hrs including 2 phosphorous bombs.

Intentions night 24/25: Strong patrol from E Coy to house 015287. To occupy if empty. Time out – 2100 hrs. Recce Patrol forward to 015289. Patrol signal for DF on house 015287 – red over green. Pioneer Platoon continuing work on alternate positions.

1930 Sitrep: 0610 – 6 heavy shells on G Coy area. 0630 – 3 enemy seen digging at 015297, disappeared after being engaged by mortars, bren and sniper. 0715 – 10 rounds small calibre mortar on H Coy area. 1620 – 15 rounds on Sasso 005295 from 81 mm mortar.  1700 – enemy mortars (small calibre) engage 008298.2 wounded. 1710 – 6 heavy mortar bombs in Bttn HQ area.

2100 E Coy patrol moved off. Nothing heard for several hours as wireless communication between patrol and company HQ broke down.

Died on this Day:

Lance Corporal Joseph Farrell, London Irish Rifles.



25th November

Brigade HQ.

Patrols from 2 Innisks during the night were fired on from area Point 358 and also heard mules in the Tamagnin area.

Slight normal harassing fire along the whole front during the night.

Harassing fire was on a reduced scale during the day. Slight mortaring of E Coy 2 LIR and enemy movement observed in the Tamagnin and Casa Sillaro areas by both bttns and engaged by mortars and artillery.

Slight mortaring of 2 Innisks bttn area increased later on in the day.

1900 Brigade HQ area shelled. A Squadron 12 CAR now under command.

Recce patrol from 2 LIR down to bridge at 018278 reported enemy outpost and was subsequently heavily mortared. A fighting patrol sent out to deal with this outpost reported the bridge heavily defended and the approaches difficult.


1 RIrF – CASTEL DEL RIO.

Sgts’ Mess Dinner.


2 Innisks – SAN CLEMENTE.

0030 B Coy patrol returns. Report – Lt Gladitz stated that the patrol reached 012302 without incident. Lay up in this area and heard mules moving in area Vinchi 015304 moving west. They then appeared in turn and moved south behind Tamagnin. Transport also heard in Cereto track area. Patrol on return was fired on by Spandau from area Point 342 but apparently beyond this as this point was mortared by the Bosche himself earlier on.

0040 B Coy platoon report Spandau firing tracers bearing 108 degree.

0200 C Coy informed that Spandau is firing from Tamagnin.

0320 Eight – ten mortar bombs between Bttn HQ and A Coy. No bearing established.

1200 The CO visits B Coy OP.

1220 Heavy mist descending on bttn area. CO ordered one section from each platoon to go forward and man their night positions.

1250 Six enemy mortar bombs land in B Coy’s area. No bearing obtained.

1400 Four mortar bombs in Bttn HQ area. No bearing obtained.

1425 The CO visits B Coy OP.

1430 Spandau reported firing from Point 318. Engaged with mortars and bren.

1440 CO returns to Bttn HQ.

1520 The enemy seen at door of house Tamagnin. Fire noticed inside house. Engaged by 3” mortars.

1525 C Coy observe shoot and report 4 direct hits on house.

1610 A Coy area mortared. Bearing 90 degrees from B Coy 003301.

1720 Twenty shells (light infantry gun) in area of Bttn HQ. No casualties. Bearing 70 degrees from 003301

1730 Spandau firing on a bearing of 85 degrees from 003301

1745 Heavy gun firing on a bearing of 40 degrees from 005298.

1945 Area 004296 mortared, rough bearing 50 degrees from 005299. Counter bombardment requested. Battery of Medium fire on MES.

2005 C Coy report much movement in Tamagnin. OC C Coy looking into the prospect of firing brens and 2” mortars into house. No action.

Sgt Morrison reports shouting occurred after our own mortars harassed the house at 2000 hrs.

2110 Spasmodic shelling of area to right of Mortar Platoon.

2225 Two mortars firing on bearings of 45 and 80 degrees from B Coy OP.

C Coy report mortaring and ask if A Coy can give bearing. Answer is no.

2335 Light gun firing on bearing from 004301, 25 degrees magnetic. Shells falling in gully ahead.


2 LIR – ITALY.

0050 E Coy report house 015287 unoccupied and take possession.

0800 Sitrep: House 015287 found unoccupied. Occupied until night 25th by 1 officer and 12 ORs. Recce Patrol to 015289 NTR. Enemy MG fired during night from Point 358 013298.

0930 Brigade Commander and BM visit Bttn HQ.

Pioneer Platoon continue work on alternative positions.

1030 Slight showers of rain commenced.

1100 Intentions night 25/26: H Coy to send Fighting Patrol to Point 358 013298 and establish listening post. Time out – first dark, in – midnight. Strength 1 and 6. Ambush Patrol (1 and 6) to track at 018290. Out – first dark, in – 2200 hrs. Recce Patrol to 015289. Time out – 0500 hrs, in – first light. Ambush and Recce to be supplied by E Coy.

1930 Sitrep: Quiet day except in H Coy area. Small enemy mortars fired on 008298 at 1225 and 1440 hrs. Four enemy observed on crest at 013303 at 1545 hrs. One enemy seen at 019292 at 1630 hrs. 1830 hrs – slight enemy HF on road from San Clemente to E Coy.

2100 Recce patrol shot at from road/track junction 019288. 20 minutes later 6 or 8 enemy observed by bridge 018288.

2205 RA and mortars engage enemy positions spotted by Recce Patrol.

2305 Enemy positions again engaged by bttn mortars for 10 minutes.

2337 Fighting Patrol to Point 358 – NTR.