1st December

Brigade HQ – PASSITEMPI 979283.

The following appreciation of the enemy situation is based on OP and patrol reports and on information received from the three prisoners taken night. Their identifications were 10 Coy 3 Para Regiment and 7 Coy 289 Regiment. II Bttn 289 has two companies in the line, 6 Coy in the area Pt 278 014293 and C Il Sillaro 018292 and 7 Coy from just south of C Il Sillaro down to the road. To the north, III Bttn 3 Para Regiment has two companies in the line. 10 Coy stretches from Pt 278 to the ridge at 018297 and 9 Coy from Pt 342 015299 to Casa Tamagnin 013303. There is a reserve platoon and Coy HQ of 10 Coy in and around C Calvana 022297 and probably the MMGs are operating from this area. C Anzellara 023307, C Cereto 021310 and C Muiano 022316 are all occupied areas and probably two companies of parachutists are disposed in this area with the supporting MMGs and mortars. There is probably a reserve battalion in a counter attack role in the C Volte area 032311. The parachutists are far more aggressive in their patrolling than other units and it would appear that they mainly consist of small bold recce patrols coming well up to our positions to observe with the object of obtaining sufficient information for a small, well laid on, raid.

Plans for Future Operations:

The Eighth Army is attacking westwards along the axis of Route 9 towards Imola. It is the intention of 13 Corps to attack down Ace Route to Imola with the intention of helping the advance of the Eighth Army. In order to conform with the remainder of the attacks by 78 Division, this Brigade was ordered to plan an operation to capture the following objective.

To be captured by 1 RIrF:

Pt 342 014299.

Spur 015300.

C Tamagnin.

To be captured by 2 Innisks:

C Nuova 021289

C Il Sillaro 018293.

Pt 358 013298.

Pt 278 014293.

Spur 016297.

To be captured by 2 LIR:

Il Molina Nuova 028294.

Ridge C Calvana 022297 – 016298.

All these objectives constitute Phase A.

Phase B will then place 48 hrs after Phase A is completed and will consist of capturing the ridge from Calcinara 030302 to C Muiano 022315 by two battalions. Tentatively, the 2 Innisks will capture up to C Anzellara 024308 and 1 RIrF the remaining part of the ridge from C Cereto 021310 to C Muiano, leaving 2 LIR on the Calvana ridge as a firm base. One of the main problems to be considered was that of supplies and until the completion of Phase B, no roads will be available for use by jeeps. A time lag is therefore necessary between attacks to allow mules to get up and replenish food and ammunition as everything will have to be carried on the man due to the shocking nature of the ground.

1100 2 Innisks move forward from Castro San Martino to de-busing point. They are to relieve 2 LIR tonight.

1115 One enemy seen between two forward company positions 2 LIR at approx 010291. Patrol went forward to try and catch him but he disappeared out of sight.

1705 Light mortaring on right company 1 RIrF.

1730 Standing patrol 2 LIR at house Pt 156 015287 was attacked. DF was brought down and a platoon rushed up to the house and the situation established by 1830 hrs.

2115 2 Innisks relief of 2 LIR completed without any further incident.

Patrol led by Lieut Beamish, 1 RIrF, to the house at Point 166, had a successful engagement with the enemy. Surprise was lost by the patrol setting off trip flares and booby trapped grenades. On making contact, they had a short fight with grenades and machine guns and then returned.

Lieut Beamish was wounded on a mine on the way back.


1 RIrF – 003301.

0130 Standing Patrol NCO + 3 to Pt 312 013306 outflanked by superior enemy fire. Sgt Trickett wounded and captured.

0150 B Coy Commander Maj A Morris OBE MC out with small force and stretcher to recover missing NCO. Unsuccessful.

2359 Lt JPF Beamish reported after engaging Pt 166 018304. Cpl Bennett wounded in stomach – subsidiary patrol detached at Tamagnin 013303. Outstanding performance by Lt Beamish at Pt 166 in engaging HO at close quarter with pistol and grenade – slightly wounded by mine outside own FDLs.


2 Innisks – CASTRO SAN MARTINO.

0730 Bttn em-buses at Castro San Pietro.

0800 CO and O Group go forward to Calcano.

1130 CO arrives at Brigade HQ and goes forward to 2 LIR HQ.

1430 Bttn arrive at Calcano and have a meal.

1630 B Coy move to take over Lucia position.

1645 Bttn called forward from Calcano in following order: A and one platoon C Coy, MMG Mortars, remainder of C Coy and Bttn HQ.

1650 LIR report house at Point 150 attacked and taken by the enemy. One platoon counter attacked and took house.

1700 One man from B Coy wounded at San Clemente.

1830 Shelling of Bttn HQ area.

1900 Relief of Bttn HQ and C Coy completed.

1910 B Coy relief completed.

2115 A Coy relief completed. One man in Mortar Platoon killed by shellfire.

2140 A Coy report tank firing from Casa Nuova. Artillery fire concentration on area.

2200 CO visits C and A Coys.

2235 Shelling of area between mortars and Bttn HQ area.

Died on this Day:

Fusilier Walter Cartledge, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.


2 LIR – ITALY.

0600 Bttn still in locations: Bttn HQ – 000286 Casa Careggiana. E Coy – house 008287. G Coy – house 004287. H Coy – house 008298. Bttn mortars at 001289 and MMGs in E Coy’s area.

0800 Sitrep: Considerable shelling and mortaring, especially on E Coy. MMG harassing fire on Bttn HQ during night from M Merlo direction.

0900 Brigade IO visits Bttn HQ to discuss general situation with CO.

0930 Preparations to hand over sector to 2 Innisks.

1200 2 Innisks Recce Group arrive.

1800 Main body of 2 Innisks moving in to take over bttn position. A false alarm was created by enemy machine gunning of Ambush House (008287), which caused holding section to quickly evacuate it. Relief was held up until a platoon reoccupied the house and handed it over to 2 Innisks.

1900 Relief completed. Mortars were handed over but MMGs were brought back with bttn. During the course of the day, the Battle Patrol OP received a direct hit during enemy shelling and the 2 Rifleman occupants were killed.

2000 Bttn left em-busing point 975279 in transport for rest area Castro San Martino 850044.

Died on this Day:

Rifleman Harold White, London Irish Rifles.

Rifleman Frederick Rudd, London Irish Rifles.



2nd December

Brigade HQ – PASSITEMPI.

0215 Mortaring of 2 Innisks left coy.

0315 Heavy shelling of area 002288.

1200 Heavy mortaring of Il Sasso area. Approximately 95 bombs fell in the coy area.

11 shells in Brigade HQ area. No damage.

1615 The enemy started to smoke the house at Point 156 but nothing resulted from this.

1800 Patrol from 2 Innisks reported enemy digging on Point 358 013298. Patrol returned and fighting patrol arranged to go out later on. This second patrol bumped the enemy at Point 356 and withdrew after a short shooting match. They reported two enemy MGs fired from Point 358 and saw enemy moving in single file in area Point 342.

Patrol from 2 Innisks to Casa Nuova was held up by MF fire from 018289.

German patrol was seen in front of C Coy 1 RIrF moving from south to north and scattered on being engaged by SA fire and ran into trip flares and mines. They withdrew down the gully at 008298.

Further patrols from the Irish Fusiliers shot up enemy at Casa Tamagnin 0130 and found unoccupied enemy slits on Point 312 and enemy positions at 017308.

It was an unusual departure of the enemy to leave the Point 312 area alone.

It was a change last night to find the majority of his movement in the Tamagnin area.


1 RIrF – 003301.

0415 LT CR Unwin reported after patrol to 015308. Enemy digging at Point 312 and 012307. Patrol lay up in between but unable to interrupt any enemy. Slight clash with one. No casualties.

0530 Detached patrol returned from Tamagnin. NTR.

1940 Sgt Cross DCM, Pioneer patrol to 007301 to clear minefield. Track to Tamagnin cleared.

2215 2 Innisks patrol clash in front of their left forward coy. Enemy withdrew. 4.2” Mortar DF called down.

2300 Strong enemy force seen on Point 342 014298.

Lt JRF Beamish admitted to hospital. Wounded.


2 Innisks – SAN CLEMENTE.

0115 One wounded in A Coy by shelling.

0215 Twelve light mortars bombs in B Coy area. No casualties.

0315 Shelling of area 002288. 6 heavy shells. No casualties.

0725 A Coy platoon on Point 156 relieved.

0730 Standing Patrol at Furniture House Point 207 report hearing movement to their immediate front. Patrol took no action. A Coy platoon NTR.

0900 C Coy send a section for protection of Bttn HQ,

1015 Due to smoke, visibility only 10-15 yards. Night positions manned.

1045 Visibility now approx 30 yards.

Intentions night 2/3 Dec: B Coy Recce Patrol to Point 278 014294, route Casa Lucca to Point 358 to Pt 278, strength 1 and 3. Out 1745 hrs, in on completion.

C Coy 1 and 6 to 015288, route to Point 156 then to 013289 to 015288 to obtain PoW. Out 2000 hrs, remains at 115188 until 2400 hrs, unless PoW taken earlier.

A Coy Ambush Patrol 1 NCO and 3 ORs to 017288 and continue to Casa Nuova 020288. Out 1800 hrs, in 0500 hrs unless PoW taken earlier. C Coy Standing Patrol 1 and 3 at 017290 to contact Patrol from B Coy at Il Sasso. Out last light, in first light.

1400 CO to B Coy. B Coy have 14 mortar bombs fall in area. No casualties. No bearing obtained.

1430 A Coy report tanks firing on Point 156, believed to be our own firing from 11 brigade area or from the tanks behind 38 Brigade HQ. Brigade requested to enquire and stop.

1845 Five heavy shells in Mortar Platoon area. No casualties. B Coy report that approx 55 mortar bombs landed in area between 1200 and 1630 hrs. Casualties 1 officer killed. 1 Corporal killed and 1 officer wounded, All of 1 Kensingtons.

Movement observed between Point 342 and Tamagnin between 1330 and 1430 hrs.

1905 Lt Giles Patrol returned with information that Point 358 was occupied by enemy. 3” mortars engaged.

1915 Fighting Patrol from B Coy to go out and remove enemy from Point 358.

1940 A Coy Patrol returned after having bumped the enemy at 017288. One casualty (slight) sustained. Enemy strength not known. Patrol ordered forward again as a Standing Patrol.

2020 B Coy report 8 enemy moving towards Il Sasso.

2035 Lt Giles and 1 section leave for Point 358 to destroy enemy there.

2045 Lt Murray reports on Furniture House and reports no sign of A Coy section there. A Coy and patrol to inspect the house.

2130 B Coy report grenades, bren fire and TSMG from area below Point 358 followed by bursts of Spandau fire from Point 358.

2145 More grenades and bren fire from nearer the summit of Point 358.

B Coy attacked by enemy mortars. Counter mortars engaged area “Salt” enemy mortars MZO and MCV.

2150 A Coy report patrol reached Furniture House and found their section occupying house ok. Lt Murray obviously went to the wrong house.

2155 Mortars lay down 5 minute stonk on Point 358.

2200 Heavy shells in area of Mortar Platoon.

2245 Lt Giles and patrol return. They reached 011298 and met enemy patrol coming forward. Patrol engaged and enemy also opened up with two MGs from Point 358. Patrol then withdrew. Patrol noticed a company of enemy moving on Point 342.

B Coy ordered to put out a listening post at 011298 and at 0300 hrs to send a section out to Point 358.

2300 B Coy report heavy mortar firing at A Coy at 2200 hrs on a bearing of 72 degrees. They also report the arrival of Sjt Markham with MMGs. Major Nixon says there have been 111 enemy mortar bombs in his area during the day.

2320 Brigade warned us that Beaufighters will be up tonight to intercept enemy night raiders.

2325 A Coy’s Patrol returns to Point 156 and reports seeing 8 enemy move round brow of hill above Casa Nuova into trees. Then two Spandaus opened up from this area firing out across the river. Visibility clear and movement difficult.  CO orders same patrol to go out again with same objective at 0300 hrs.

2345 B Coy report 10 Bische milling about in the valley, forward of their right hand platoon. This platoon “stood to”.


2 LIR – ITALY.

0900 Bttn now in village Castro San Martino. Baths, change of clothing and cinema shows laid on for coys.

CO’s O Group: Bttn at 24 hours’ notice for big attack. All LOBs to be changed over. If not called forward, bttn to receive 6 days rest before relieving 1 RIrF.



3rd December

Brigade HQ – PASSITEMPI.

Harassing fire was on a reduced scale during the night. There was only light mortaring.

0930 GOC visits Brigade Commander with the CRA to discuss developments of future events.

Brigade Commander visits 2 Innisks and 1 RIrF during the morning and goes up to the OP at Parre le Tombe.

Slight mortaring of forward positions during the day.

2000 Patrols from 1 RIrF shot up five enemy in the Casa Tamagnin area and also found Machine pistols on the track at 009304. This indicated that casualties were caused when a patrol clash took place in this area a few nights previously.

2030 Patrol from 2 Innisks went to Casa Nuova and heard enemy in copse near house. They threw grenades and returned. On reaching house at Point 156 014287, they were fired on from the direction of Casa Nuova.

2200 An enemy patrol was seen moving in a westerly direction from 013297 and disappeared into the gully below Point 278 at 011298. They were attacked by 2 inch mortars of B Coy 2 Innisks and C Coy, 1 RIrF. Patrols, which went out later on the gully, found no signs of casualties inflicted.


1 RIrF – 003301.

0230 Enemy patrol seen moving south to north across C Coy front. Centre platoon engaged with SAA. Enemy scattered and set off mines. MMGs engaged and patrol withdrew down gully 009299.

0525 CSM Davidson (B Coy) engaged Tamagnin with Piat HE at high angle.

0630 C Coy patrol returned. Lt PJC Trousdell reports having fired at two enemy near own FDLs.

D Coy patrol to Point 312 reported fresh diggings.

1807 D Coy patrol to 009298 placed. Schmeisser Machine Pistol found 009304.

2130 Coy 2 Innisks report 40 enemy missing from Casa Di Sillaro 016293 past Point 278 014294  towards Casa Di Sasso 007294.

2230 D Coy patrol (Sgt Eales) engaged enemy at 012301.

Initial surprise lost. Enemy scattered.

Captain JP Phelan MC admitted hospital.

Lt MER Pattinson promoted A/Capt.


2 Innisks – SAN CLEMENTE.

0040 Lt Murray and “Patrol” returns. Reports knoll at 015288 not occupied and could not find any sign of enemy positions.

Intentions 3 / 4  Dec –

  • 1 officer and 3 ORs to recce knoll 015289. Our first light. In 2359 hrs.
  • 1 officer and 6 ORs Ambush Patrol to 019287. Out 1715 hrs. In, first light unless PoW obtained earlier.
  • 1 officer and 6 ORs Ambush Patrol to 011297 and to be up and observe Point 358. Out last light, in first light.

0220 German Patrol got through lines and attacked B Coy HQ. Platoon Commander of platoon at Il Sasso, takes out patrol to find out what happened. Patrol left at 0212 hrs.

0223 B Coy Commander reports by wireless “Situation very confused”. German patrol just visited house and taken two prisoners from Battle Patrol, from within 20 yards of HQ, Enemy patrol approached from left and got very close before being noticed.

0245 B Coy line through. Major Nixon reports on Patrol incident. Patrol approached from along track at rear of Cassa di Lucca, was halted and a voice in English answered it was alright. Own troops opened up and a short battle ensued. Enemy moved off towards RIrF left coy at 005298, where they were engaged by RIrF. On checking personnel, Battle Patrol report two men are missing, believed PoW. L/Cpl McNichol and Fusilier Miller.

0525 Sitrep from C Coy. NTR.

0600 A Coy patrol forward of Point 156 returned with NTR.

0645 B Coy patrol returns and reports Point 358 occupied. Two MGs on this point firing on fixed lines towards Ripiano.

0925 A Coy send listening post to gully at 017288, as smoke has caused limited visibility.

1015 The CO pays a visit to A Coy and observed a man digging on Point 358.

1600 B Coy HQ again heavily mortared. CMO fired Salt.

1850 B Coy’s patrol in position.

1900 Five heavy shells fell near Mortar Platoon area.

Lt Brady reports back from the knoll. There are definitely 4 old weapon pits on this feature and one old greatcoat. No sign of recent occupation.

1935 B Coy report enemy flares from Point 342.

1950 Bttn HQ area shelled.

2010 Bttn HQ again shelled.

Lt Farrell and patrol returned. They reached copse and went forward to area 300 yards short of Nuova and encountered no enemy. Searched copse. Patrol returned via gully north of road. No enemy seen. MG firing from Nuova. Patrol thought they heard movement in copse area and threw grenades and charged the area. Nothing there.

2110 B Coy report 40 enemy approaching Il Sasso from 013297. They dug in at 013297 and then went on towards Il Sasso. Coy standing to.

2120 A and C Coys orders to “Stand To”. C Coy to have one platoon prepared to counter attack of necessary.

2150 B Coy report mortaring of Il Sasso area.

Our 3” Mortars fire on 017287 as enemy appear to be moving towards river bed.

2155 Counter mortar fire on mortars in Calvana area.

2200 B Coy report MG and Schmeisser fire towards 10 Platoon. 3” Mortars fire on gully 013299 and Point 342.

2215 A, B and C Coys stand to – 50%. A Coy report enemy in gully forward at Point 156. 3” mortars engaged.

2358 A Coy report further movement in same gully in front of Point 156. 3” mortars engaged.


2 LIR – ITALY.

Bttn still at rest. Major JD Lofting took over command of H Coy and Major EJ Griffiths MC of G Coy.



4th December

Brigade HQ – PASSITEMPI.

0300 Patrol from 2 Innisks went back to Casa Nuova and found nothing after searching the area.

0930 GOC and CRA visits Brigade Commander.

1630 Il Sasso and Casa di Lucca 0029 were mortared until 1900 hrs.

1900 Slight HF on Brigade HQ area.

Patrol from 2 Innisks to Casa Nuova found an unoccupied slit trench but came up against a minefield. An officer remained with a wounded man but stretcher party attempting to give assistance was pinned down by fire from 019290 and could get no further. Officer and man eventually did not return.

1 RIrF fighting patrol clashed with the enemy at 011305.


1 RIrF – 003301,

Major AJ Morris OBE MC admitted hospital.

Captain N Plymen promoted A/Major.

Lt SD McIlhinney promoted A/Captain.

Our men had to replace the muleteers who, with the mules, are exhausted.


2 Innisks – SAN CLEMENTE.

0035 A Coy report digging somewhere ahead of Point 156 but cannot pin point it clearly enough to make a target of it. Both lines to A Coy disconnected for 2nd time during night. Wireless ok.

Intentions night 4/5 Dec:

  • 1 officer and 4 ORs Standing Patrol to 011298. Out last light, in first light.
  • Ambush Patrol 1 and 6 to area Nuova 019288. Patrol will leave 3 men with bren and 2” mortar at gully 017288 as firm base. Out last light, in first light.
  • ORs to occupy knoll at 015289 from last light to 2200 hrs. Standing Patrol to track 009290.

0056 A Coy line through.

0225 A Coy send patrol forward from Point 156.

0425 A Coy patrol from Point 156 search gully at 017288 on both sides of the road, no trace of enemy. Point 156 fired on from Nuova area immediately patrol returned.

0645 Three enemy approach B Coy left platoon from Tamagnin area. Grenades thrown by B Coy and enemy made off towards Point 358.

0730 Patrol searched Il Sasso wadi. NTR. A Coy send patrol to 017288 to be up during the day. B Coy send listening post to 011298. Report by Lt WP Hohne. Fifteen men were heard leaving area Point 342 and started digging in 50 yards below Point 358. Patrol moved forward on to forward slope of pimple 011298 then moved in south west direction. 1945 – 2000 hrs. Two fresh parties move to where original digging had been 014297 and followed former party. 21300 hrs. Patrol returned to Sasso. Listening Patrol at 009295 reported digging to their front about 1830-1900 hrs.

0950 Brigade Commander visits Bttn HQ and discussed forth coming events with CO.

1025 Brigade Commander leaves.

1030 Major Nixon, OC B Coy arrives at Bttn HQ and visits A Coy with the CO.

1145 Recce group of AA mortar platoon arrive at Bttn HQ to recce.

Position for Mortar Platoon in the area to support us.

1340 The CO and Major Nixon return to Bttn HQ.

1510 Adjutant and IO visit C Coy.

1520 B Coy report very heavy stonk on approx area 007283 at least 100 rounds from heavy gun, bearing 82 degrees from 009298.

1640 B Coy report stonk on Casa di Lucca from light guns.

1655 B Coy report 10 light shells on Il Sasso.

1850 B Coy heavily mortared at 008298, bearing 60 degrees. Very heavy mortar possibly 12 cm.

1920 A Coy report patrol ran into heavy minefield approx 800 yards along road from gully obviously laid by enemy last night as last night’s patrol did not encounter it.

Lt Brady and Fusilier Hickey missing. Party going out to obtain wounded man.

Sgt Fallis wounded in face. Fusilier Hickey and Lt Brady still out. Sgt Fallis returned. Sgt Boyd and party go out to search for them.

2030 CMO request bearing on guns firing on their HQ. Bearing from B Coy OP of 60 degrees. Enemy guns shell Bttn HQ area. CMO firing C Battery.

2040 Enemy MG harassing main road to Clemente. RIrF pass bearing to CMO, who had requested bearing from us.

2145 Sgt Boyd returned with patrol. States that it was not possible to get near scene of incident due to enemy fire from his front and left. Saw what he states to be a party of 20 enemy on right of road towards own positions, they turned off up Salaro wadi.

2150 Line to A Coy cut through shelling.

2220 Bearing on enemy MG firing across river from B Coy OP of 30 degrees passed to CMO. This agreed with bearing given by RIrF. CMO promised to shell area.

2335 Both lines to A Coy out. Through by wireless.

2337 One line through to A Coy.

Died on this Day:

Fusilier James Plunkett, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.

Lieutenant Patrick Brady, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.

Fusilier Brendan Hickey, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.


2 LIR – ITALY.

Bttn still at rest.



5th December

Brigade HQ PASSITEMPI.

Considerable HF during the night.

0500 Concentration of 50 round landed in the Brigade HQ.

1115 Enemy crawled up to 2 Innisks OP at 011299 and took one man PoW. His ability to do this was due to the very heavy mist prevailing in the area.

1500 CO 56 Recce Regiment and small officer group arrived at Brigade HQ. Two squadrons are to be under command 38 Brigade as from D Day and are to take over forward positions when the attack goes in.

Arrangements were made for them to stay the night and do further recces next morning.

1815 Heavy HF on San Clemente.

Patrols during the night all reported NTR.

Harassing fire on 2 Innisks bttn area during the night. the Irish Fusiliers had a quiet night.


1 RIrF – 003301.

0010 Fighting Patrol (Lt C Pretorious) engaged enemy patrol 011305. No casualties. Otherwise NTR.

1805 Lt Unwin made further sweep of area 009304, scene of patrol clash on 3rd and found stick grenade and P38 automatic.


2 Innisks – SAN CLEMENTE.

0040 12 Platoon send in enemy mortar report – 95 magnetic from Sasso. Generally fires into A Coy area. Information passed to CMO.

0359 Six heavy shells in Bttn HQ area.

0630 B Coy Standing Patrols in. NTR. Snipers out in position.

0645 C Coy report heavy shelling in area during night. One man killed. A Coy NTR. Standing Patrol out at gully. B Coy harassed by mortars during the night.

0830 B Coy mortared by light mortars. Bearing 86 degrees.

1115 B Coy report their OP at 011298 saw two enemy five yards away. One man in OP got back to the coy, the other was taken prisoner. Fusilier Wilton returned.

1455 B Coy mortared. Bearing 90 degrees. CMO fired counter mortar.

1500 B Coy mortared. Bearing 93 degrees. CMO fired counter mortar.

Shelling of road 002287.

Intentions night 5/6 Dec: All night Standing Patrols at 017288 – 011298 and 006290.

1815 Area San Clemente road junction shelled.

2045 Enemy firing on 11 Platoon of B Coy. Bearing 30 degrees.

2330 Large gun harassing B Coy. Bearing from B Coy OP 27 degrees.

Died on this Day:

Fusilier William Hilliam, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.


2 LIR – ITALY.

1300 Bttn warned to be ready to relieve 1 RIrF night 7 Dec.

1730 CO’s O Group on forthcoming move. CO’s Recce Party to move forward 6 Dec.